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See Combs &c. of Oxfordshire re source notes, references, etc.
University Colleges in the University of Oxford are in the City, but also individually incorporated, include (perhaps not all): All Soul's College, Bracenose College, Christ Church College, Corpus Christi College, Jesus' College, Lincoln College, St. John's College, Magdalene College, Merton College, Oriel College, New College, Queen's College, Trinity College (a.k.a. Durham), Wadham (est. 1613), Pembroke (formerly Broadgate Hall, not est. until 1624), Worcester (est. 1714 by elevating Gloucester Hall a.k.a. St. John the Baptist's Hall); and Hertford College. In addition to the Colleges are five Halls (unlike the Colleges, not incorporated): St. Alban Hall (Merton College), St. Edmund Hall, Queen's Lane (Queen's College), St. Mary Hall (formerly St. Mary the Virgin Rectory (Oriel College), New Inn Hall (formerly Trilleck's Inn; New College); and Magdalene Hall (Magdalene College > Hertford College). Added: Balliol College and Exeter College.
Note: Matriculation is the formal admission of a student into the University as distinguished from his admission into a College. It occurred in each of the three terms, Lent, Easter, Michaelmas. Incorporation in another University conferred the privileges of the latter's degree as well.
A primary source for information about Oxford University graduates is Joseph Foster's Alumni Oxonienses, published in eight volumes between 1887 and 1891 (as noted below). According to Balliol College, however, Foster did not include students who were admitted, but did not matriculate, nor the transfers of students from one college to another (Balliol College Past Members, Genealogical and Biographical Sources in the College Archives).
22 Apr 1569 Barnard ARCHDALE took the citizen's oath of the University on this date and again in 7 Apr 1570, 26 Oct 1570 and 7 Apr 1573. On 11 Dec 1576, Barnard ARCHDALE refused to take the oath, and was excommunicated by the Vice Chancellor. Barnard again refused the oath on 17 May 1577. (Archdale Memoirs)
Barnard ARCHDALE (s/o John and Ann ARCHDALE of Stafford, Staffordshire), married Anne FERNE, d/o widow Dorothy FERNE of Cuddesdon, Oxfordshire, and sister of Mary FERNE who married his brother, Richard ARCHDALE, also of Cuddesdon. Note that Barnard's refusal to take the oath may have indicated he was a Catholic -- if the oath included acknowleding the sovereign as the supreme religious authority.
1572-9 Oxford University. John LANGWORTH matriculated pens. from St John's [Cambridge University], Easter, 1566. Son of Lancelot, of Kirtlebury,* Worcestershire. B.A. 1567-8; M.A. 1571; B.D. 1577-8. Fellow, 1568. Incorporated at Oxford, 1572. D.D. (Oxford) 1579. Preb. of Worcester, 1568. Rector of Folkington, Sussex, 1573. Rector of Buxted [Sussex], 1574. University preacher, 1577. Archdeacon of Chichester, 1581-6. Archdeacon of Wells, 1589-1609. Rector of Rotherfield, Sussex, 1592. Preb. of Canterbury, till 1614. Buried in Canterbury Cathedral, 13 Jan 1613-4. (Vis. of Kent, 1663; Al. Oxon.)
See 1629 Oriel College will of William COMBE re LANGWORTH. Kirtlebury not yet located.
1610 Robert ARCHDALE, B.A. from Christ's College [Cambridge University], 1607; M.A. 1611. Incorporated at Oxford, 1610. Rector of Trimley St Martin, Suffolk,1627-39. (Foster's Oxonienses)
10 Jul 1610 Robert ARCHDALE, B.A. from Christ Coll., Cambridge, 1607, incorp. 10 July, 1610, rector of Trimley, St. Martin's, Suffolk, 1627. See O.H.S., x. 367; & Foster's Index Ecclesiasticus. (Alumni Cantabridgienses… by James Venn)
Son of Martin and Barbara SEXTON Archdale (Ayloffe), brother of the above Barnard and Richard.
1 April 1587, Samuel BUTLER, of Oxon, pleb, Magdalen Hall, matric 1 April 1587 aged 15; BA from University College, 15 Nov 1593; MA 28 June 1596. (Source: Oxford Alumni Database, Ancestry.com, original from Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500-1714. Oxford: Parker and Co., 1888-1892). In 1604, Samuel BUTLER of Oxon, became the first headmaster of Blundell's School at Tiverton, Devon. He married Jone AMORIE, the daughter of John AMORIE and Unknown THOMAS. His sons John and Almeric, aka Amory, attended Cambridge University. The interest in this family comes from the possibility that the Rev. brothers Amory and William BUTLER of Westmoreland Co, Virginia, who intermarried in Virginia with the UNDERWOOD family that was allied with Archdale Combe, were the grandsons of Samuel BUTLER, the headmaster. See Devon records for more information on the BUTLER and AMORIE families.
Originally founded and endowed by Edward III., Richard II., and the Priors and Bishops of Durham… it was also called Durham College. At the dissolution the site and buildings were purchased by Sir Thomas POPE, Knt., of Tittenhanger, in the county of Hereford, and the present college was refounded by him, in 1554… (Lewis…)
See Francis COMBE of Hemel Hempsted, Hertfordshire who married Jane, d/o John POPE of Wroxton, Oxford. Jane POPE Combe is said to have been a niece of Sir Thomas POPE. It is not known if Francis COMBE of Hemel Hempstead was kin to the three COMBE brothers of Trinity College below.
20 Dec 1577 - 1581 Arthur ALVEY, a plebe of Hunts [Huntingdonshire], entered Trinity College, age 16. Obtained B. A. in 1581
(The Archdale Memoirs)
Arthur ALVEY married about 1590, Alice ARCHDALE (d/o Barnard and Anne FERNE Archdale). About that same year, Arthur became rector of Knotting Parish in Bedfordshire where two of their children married still unidentified ARCHDALES.
15 Oct 1619 Trinity College. John COMBES paid caution money ("damage deposit" paid by students upon arrival) (Archivist, Trinity College, Oxfordshire, Correspondence with Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff, 1998)
15 Oct. 1619 Trinity College Matriculations
Joseph ALUEIS (ALVEY), Bedfordshire, son of a clerk, age 19.
John COOMBE; London, son of a gent, age 17.
(Extracted by Combs Researchers Denise Mortorff and Joe Kendalll from "Register of the University of Oxford", Vol. II (1571-1622) Part II Matriculations and Subscriptions." ed. Clark, Andrew. Clarendon Press, 1887, p. 377. Joe adds that these names were among an alphabetical list of 32 who matriculated on 15 Oct 1619)
Joseph ALVEY, son of Rev. Arthur and Alice ARCHDALE Alvey, and his second cousin, John COMBE, son of John COMBE and Margaret ARCHDALE (d/o Thomas and Mary CLIFTON Archdale (brother to Alice's father, Barnard), baptised 16 Aug 1602, St. Mary Aldermanbury, London (thus 17). In 1608, Joseph's elder brother, Pope, was apprenticed to his uncle, Richard ARCHDALE as a Draper, the same guild to which John COMBE the elder belonged, as did Thomas ARCHDALE. In fact, this is the first reference to John, Sr. as a "gent," his always having been referred to in earlier records by the titles of merchant, draper or common councilman (of the City of London).
15 Oct 1619 - 1622 Trinity College, Oxford. John COMBE of London, son of a gentleman, matriculated (was admitted to the University) from Trinity College on 15 October 1619, aged 17 (Archives); was admitted in 1622 to the Inner Temple as the son and heir [eldest son] of John COMBE of Edmonton, Middlesex. No further information is given."
(Extracted by Combs Researchers Joe Kendalll and Denise Mortorff from "Oxford Oxonienses" by Foster, volume dated 1500-1714, with additional confirmation provided by the Archivist of Oxford University to Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
While the John COMBE who attended Trinity College is documented as the son of John and Margaret ARCHDALE Combe, Foster's source for him also being the John who was admitted to the Inner Temple remains uncertain (possibly simply that he was the only John COMBE who "fit" the time frame?). It is also not clear why John the elder is referred to as "of Edmonton, Middlesex," when all earlier records indicate he resided in St. Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury. Edmonton Parish was adjacent to Tottenham Parish where John the younger's aunt and guardian, Barbara ARCHDALE Palmer owned the messuage Page Green (research in progress).
1620 Trinity College. Caution money paid by William COMBS ("damage deposit" paid by students upon arrival)
(Archivist, Trinity College, Oxfordshire, Correspondence with Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff, 1998)
William COMBE, second son of John and Margaret ARCHDALE Combe, was baptised at St. Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury in 1604.
1622 Trinity College. Reimbursed. Caution money to John COMBE (of 1619).
(Archivist, Trinity College, Oxfordshire, Correspondence with Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff, 1998)
1623 Trinity College. Archdale COMBS paid caution money ("damage deposit" paid by students upon arrival)
(Archivist, Trinity College, Oxfordshire, Correspondence with Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff, 1998)
22 Oct 1624 - 20 Jun 1626 Archdale COOMBE, son of John COOMBE of Aldermanbury, London, matriculated 22 Oct 1624, Trinity College, Oxford, aged 16; graduated BA on 20 June 1626 (as COMBES). ("Oxford Oxonienses" by Foster, volume dated 1500-1714, provided by the Archivist of Oxford University to Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff)
Archdale COMBES, third and youngest son of John and Margaret ARCHDALE Combe, was baptised in 1606 at St. Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury.
pre-1631 Trinity College. William and Archdale COMBS contributed books to the college.
DKM Note: Still pending is the more complete Oxonienses record for William COMBS, which should serve to further confirm, ages, dates, ancestry, etc. Foster's sources for both the 1619 matriculation at Trinity College, and the 1622 admission to the Inner Temple have been confirmed independently; however, how Foster determined that John COMBE of 1619-1622 at Trinity College, son of John COMBE of Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury, London, and John COMBE of the Inner Temple in 1622, s/o John COMBE of Edmonton, Middlesex were one and the same is still being actively researched. The Trinity College Archivist states that "Foster (Alumni Oxonienses) reckons that this is the same person," but neither he nor the Inner Temple Archivist have been able to locate any records as yet to document same. John COMBE of 1619-1622 is next found in the records of Soulbury, Bucks in 1630 when he married Elizabeth LOVETT (d/o Sir Robert & Anne SAUNDERS Lovett).
22 Feb 1629/30 Will of Wylliam COMBE (Public Record Office, London PROB 11/157). Transcribed from copy of original filed with PCC by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff who adds:
William COMBE of Trinity and Oriel Colleges was the s/o John COMBE and Margaret ARCHDALE of St. Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury, London. The body of the will is complete, containing a break out of items separated by me for readability sake, unlike the original which was in narrative form. A short Latin "Probabtum" will be added shortly (still transcribing/translating), and there were side notes that are also still to be added. Letters/words that were difficult to discern have been underlined . Surnames have been capitalized.
In the name of God Amen I Willyam COMBE fellowe of Oriel Colledge in Oxon being weake in bodie but firme and alerte in minde doe make this my last will and testament. Imprimis I bequeath my sowle and body to the omnipotent and my most mercifull overtour most humbly beseechinge him to (tak)e mee into his favor for the meritts of his deere sonne and my blessed saviour Jesus.
Item I bequeath unto my brother John COMBE one thousand pounds.
Item I bequeath to my brother Arch=dale COMBE one thousand pounds.
Item I bequeath to my kinsman Ellis COMBE fourerscore pounds.
Item I bequeath to my cosen Jane WALLERS daughter of Beakin ffeilds the some of twenty pounds to be paid at her daie of marriage or at her age of one and twenty yeares.
Item I bequeath to my cosen
Sue Sarah SAYER: wife of m(r.) DUTTEN livinge in London the some of tenn pounds.
Item I bequeath to my aunte Chrian [Christian] LANGWORTH livinge in Devonsheire the some of twenty pounds duringe her naturall life up on condition securitie be given that her daughter Margarett shall enjoy it after her decease.
Item to my Cozen Dorothy STAMPE of Holton [Oxford] I bequeath the sume of tenn pounds duringe her naturall life up pon condition that securitry be given that her daughter Murle shall enjoy it after her decease.
Item I bequeath to my cosen Elizabeth STAMP daughter of the said Dorothy the sume of tenn pounds
Item I bequeath to my cosen John HESTER of Litlemore [Oxford] five pounds.
Item I bequeath to Richard HARRIS of Whateley [Wheatley, Oxford] the sume of five pounds.
Item I bequeath to my cosen ALVEY Rector of Knottinge in Bedford Sheire the sume of tenn pounds.
Item I bequeath to my cosen Josephe ALVEY the sonne of the said Rector ALVEY the some of five pounds.
Item to my cosen Bernard ALVEY sonne of to the said Rector I bequeath the sume of five pounds.
Item I bequeath to my cosen Elizabeth ALVEY daughter of the said Rector the sume of tenn pounds.
Item I bequeath to my cosen Pope ALVEY his children the sume of tenn pounds to be bestowed on them where & when their grandfather ALVEY shall think fitt.
Item I bequeath to Oriel Colledge in Oxford the sume of one hundred pounds part whereof my will is to be bestowed in the makeing up of new desks in the library of the said colledge the remainder to be laid upp in stan
xxro (last two letters altered) until some urgent occasion for the good of the colledge require it.
Item I give to the servants of Oriell colledge vizt the two butlers, the manriple, the two Cooks and the bible Clarke the sume of three pounds
Item I give to the three servants in my unclle Palmers house livinge the sume of three pounds equally to be divided.
Item I bequeath to the poore of Aldermanberry [St. Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury, London] the sume of five pounds to be distributed at the discretion of my unclle PALMER.
Item I give unto the poore of St. Maries parish in Oxford the sume of one pound.
Item I give to the Almes men of St. Bartholomews neere Oxford the sume of one pound.
Item I bequeath to goodwife LURKE (LUCKE?) my Nurse the sume of three pounds.
Item I give my servant Willyam FFULKES the sume of tenn pounds.
Item I bequeath to Joane MOUNTE sometimes servant to my mother the sume of fortie shillinges And to mrs [mistress] CAPELL sometimes my mother's servant I give three pounds.
Item to my uncle PALMER'S three sonnes tenn shillinges a piece I bequeath to be putt into three ringes.
It I bequeath to Mrs HOWLAND livinge in Alderman=Berry fourer pounds.
Item I give of my Loving freind in Gilbert SHELDON fellowe of Allsoule's in Oxford as a token of my love the sume of twenty pounds.
Item I give to my lovinge freind Robert FFORWARD fellowe of Oriel Colledge the sume of tenn pounds.
Item I bequeath to Mr. Edward NEVILL fellowe of Martin colledge in Oxford my black plush cloake.
Item I give to my freind Hugh YALE of Oriel Colledge my watch.
Item I bequeath to my neece Mall, MANNING one faire appendant.
Item I bequeath to my unkle PALMER of Alderman=Berry my turkey stonering.
Item I bequeath my aunt PALMER his wife my dyamond ringe which I weare now
uppon my finger.
Item I desire is that my bodie be interred in St. Alderman=Berry's church.
Item I make my two brothers John and Archdale COMBE, full, lawfull and ioynt executors of this my will, enioyninge them to pay all legacies and to the poore first. In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale This two and twentieth day of ffebruary Anno Dm 1629. Anno Reg/W: Cavoli quinto: Willyam COMBE: In The prsence of us William PALMER Robert FFORWARD, Thomas TOMKINSON.
The following additional (and difficult to decipher) notes had been entered in the margin of William COMBE'S Will:
"The 13th day of May 1652
Adrs wwth this will annexed was granted unto Elizabeth COMBE ye mother & Curatrix of Margarett COMBE ye neece of William COMBE late fellow of Oriell Colledge in Oxon Deced, To adster ye goods of ye said Deceased wch were left unadministered by John COMBE & Archdale COME ye brothers & exeuters, alsoe Deced., During the minority of ye said Margarett COMBES ye neece of ye said Deced according to the tenor and effect of the said will, shee being first sworne faithfully to administer & etc."
(re-Transcribed by Combs Researcher Denise Mortorff 26 Dec 2005 using a digitized image rather than a printed copy.)
Elizabeth LOVETT Combe was the widow of John, residing in Sparsholt, Berks by the time he died in Apr 1652. The inclusion of a statement solely about their daughter, Margaret, is puzzling; i.e., why the separate mention? Excepting their eldest daughter, Elizabeth, all known children of John and Elizabeth were also minors. No baptism record has been found for Margaret, which means there may also be a number more unidentified children…
William died between 22 Feb when he signed his will and March 5 when his successor was elected:
March 5, 1629/30 Oriel College. "Martii 5, 1629 convocatis in sacellum per preapositum socciis, communi consensu domini preapositi et sociorum electus est dominus Henry Eccleston Baccalaureus facultatis artium ex diocesi Wntoniensi in locum magistri Gulielmi COMBES defunti; et tempore electionis praedicae lecta erant tam statuta collegii sociorum electionem concernentia, quam statutum regni in ea parte edium. ita est Rob: FORWARD decanus Deputatus"
(Extracted by Combs Researcher Joe Kendalll from "the Dean's Register of Oriel 1446-1661" ed by the Rev. G.C. Richards, DD and Rev. H.E.Salter, M.A.. Oxford University Press , 1926, p.272)
Rough Translation by Joe Kendalll: The society elects Dominus Henry ECCLESTON, BA, of the diocese of Winston in the place of Magistri William COMBES Deceased, the time of the election is in accordance with the Kings statutes. entered by Robert FORWARD deputy decan [the latter probably the same named in William's will]
William's brother, Archdale COMBE, died s.p. in Oxfordshire by Nov 1634 when his brother, John, assumed administration of his Oxford estate. John died in Apr 1652 in Sparsholt, Berks, leaving John's widow, Elizabeth, to administer the estates of John and William, and probably Archdale (record not yet found). Although no baptismal record has been found for their daughter, Margaret, an unidentified Margaret COMBE was buried in Sparsholt, Berks in 1653, and may have been the above Margaret. Why, however, would only Margaret have been listed above? Why not the other children of John and Elizabeth LOVETT Combe (who did not marry until after William's death).
Of those named in the will of William, in addition to his brothers, John and Archdale, both of whom were unmarried at this time:
12 Feb 1589/90 ARCHEDALE, Abraham, of Oxon, gent. Gloucester Hall, matric. 12 Feb., 1589-90, aged 25.
(Extracted from "Oxford Oxonienses" Vol. 1500-1714, by Foster by Combs Researchers Denise Mortorff and Joe Kendall; correspondence, 1998, Archivist, Oxford University to Denise Mortorff)
Abraham ARCHDALE was the s/o Richard and Mary FERNE Archdale of Wheatley, Cuddesdon, Oxfordshire.
28 Jan 1630/1 ARCHDALE, Richard, s. Richard, of London, gent. Wadham College, matric. 28 Jan., 1630-1, aged 18, B. A. from New Hall Inn, 29 April, 1634; B.C.L. from Wadham College. 3 May, 1636. (Extracted from "Oxford Oxonienses" Vol. 1500-1714, by Foster by Combs Researchers Denise Mortorff and Joe Kendalll; correspondence, 1998, Archivist, Oxford University to Denise Mortorff)
1633-4 The Visitations of London, 1633-5, Archdale Family, lists the descendants of John & Anne ARCHDALE of Staffordshire, including their son, Barnard (h/o Anne FERNE) whose son, Richard, was termed "of Wadham College, Oxford."
11 Mar 1691/2 ARCHDALE, Thomas, s. J., of Great Wickham, Bucks, arm. Wadham College, matric. 11 March, 1691-2, aged 16; died 9 Aug., 1711, aged 36, monumental inscription at High Wycombe [Bucks]. See Gardiner, 374. (Extracted from "Oxford Oxonienses" Vol. 1500-1714, by Foster by Combs Researchers Denise Mortorff and Joe Kendalll; correspondence, 1998, Archivist, Oxford University to Denise Mortorff)
Richard ARCHDALE was the s/o Richard and Judith THORPE Archdale, and gs/o Barnard and Anne FERNE Archdale. Thomas ARCHDALE may have been the s/o Carolina Governor and Quaker John ARCHDALE and his wife, Ann (DOBSON?) (Cary) who m Dec 1673 in St. Matthew's Friday Street, London, the former s/o Thomas and Mary NEVILLE Archdale, and gs/o Richard & Judith THORPE Archdale. New Hall Inn was absorbed by Balliol in the 1880s.
9 Feb 1815 Wadham College, Oxfordshire. Matriculated: Thomas COOMBE who was admitted 17 Nov 1818 Fellows-Commoner at Peterhouse, Cambridge University, son of Thomas COOMBE, D.D., rector of St Michael Queenhithe, London, and former rector of Christ Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from whence he moved during the American Revolutionary War.
02 Mar 1637/8 - 03 Jul 1641 ARCHDALE, Robert, of London, s. Richard, of Wickham, Bucks, gent. Lincoln College, matric. 2 March, 1637-8, aged 17; B. A. 3 July 1641. (Extracted from "Oxford Oxonienses" Vol. 1500-1714, by Foster by Combs Researchers Denise Mortorff and Joe Kendalll; correspondence, 1998, Archivist, Oxford University to Denise Mortorff)
Robert ARCHDALE was s/o Richard & Judith THORPE Archdale.
John COOMBES. Admitted pens. at St Catherine's College, Cambridge University, 20 Aug 1739. Son of William, of Axminster, Devon. Matriculated 1739. Matriculated from Balliol College, Oxford, Feb. 25, 1735-6. (Al.Oxon.)
10 Jul 1679 St. John's College. Edward COMBE. Entered [Cambridge University] July 10, 1679. B.A. from Pembroke College, 1683-4; M.A. 1715. S. of Edward, of Worcester. Matriculated from St John's, Oxford, July 10, 1679, age 18. School, Merchant Taylors' [London]. R. of St Martin's, Worcester, 1691-1738. Died Mar. 3, 1737-8.(Al. Oxon)
4 Feb 1725-6 George LANGWORTHY, M.A. from King's College, Cambridge University, 1743. Son of Francis of Charleton, Devonshire, clerk. Matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford, Feb. 4, 1725-6, age 19; B.A. (Oxford) 1729. Chaplain in the Navy, 1739-41. Rector of East Buckland, Devonshire, 1743. Will (Exeter) 1767; of Stokenham, Devon, clerk. (Al.Oxon.)
See also 1629 Oriel College will of William COMBE re his aunt Chrian LANGWORTH of Devonshire and note that a George LANGWORTHY of Devon was at Cambridge in 1631 (but no mention of Oxford)